Tuesday, September 30, 2014

www.dpl21.com (Home) Audio Recordings Content : Philosophical Thoughts and Reflections for Everyone by Leszek Figurski

Audio Lectures in Philosophy I 

Lecture 1 
Intro PH-1.mp3( 00:24:59) 

What is Philosophy?

Content: 1. Why Philosophy?

                2.  The purpose of existence
                3.  What or who am I?
                4. What can I know ?                
                5.  What should I believe?  
                 6. What should I do with my life?

Lecture 2
Intro-PH-2-mp.3 ( 00:11:48)

What is , if any the meaning of human life?

Content: 1. The inevitability of death
               2.  Is there any sense to believe in God?
                3. Is there any afterlife?
                4. Freedom, conscience, and morality.
                 5. The central question of life and it's meaning.
                 6.Why examine life?
                 7. God or no God?
                 8. Definition of Man.

Intro-PH-3-mp3 (00:08:16)

The personal obligation and duty to start thinking philosophically

 Content: 1. Various areas of philosophy
                 2.Metaphysics: deals with the theory of reality and the ultimate nature pf things (ontology:                                                                                the theory of different kinds of beings)
                 3. Ethics (moral philosophy) right or wrong in human action
                  4.Epistemology (knowledge + logos, theory)
                  5. The scope of human knowledge
                  6.Logic as the art of correct thinking.
                  7. Philosophy of religion: The nature of the Divine and It's  existence.
                  8. Political philosophy
                   9.How to formulate the proper questions
                   10. Obstacles to honest philosophical reflection.

Lecture 4
Intro-PH-4.mp3 (00:57:09)

 The origin of Western Philosophy

Content:         1. Pre-Socratic Thinkers

                       2. First Metaphysicians: (How to discover the underlying reality as                                                                                                                                    distinguished from phenomena)            
                          From Thales to Plato:

                         Thales of Miletus ( VI Cent.B.C.)  

                         Anaximander , Anaximenes, Heraclitus of Efesus   (536-470 B.C.),
                         Denmocritus of Abdera,(460-360  B.C.), 
                          Leucyppus, Parmenides of Elea, Anaxagoras (430 B.C.)
                         3. The greatest Ancient philosophers
                         Socrates, Plato (The Allegory of the Cave)
                         Aristotle of  Stagira (384-322 B.C.): The concept of   the four causes and God. 

Lecture 5
Intro-PH-5.mp3 (00:47:18)

   Socrates: Teaching the moral value of life.

Content:    1.  Life and death

                  2.  Philosophy: How to live morally good life.
                  3.  What is  most important  in human life?
                   4.  Basic interest: wisdom in contradistinction from  common sense.
                        "An unexamined life is not worth living"
                   5. The final  words of Socrates to the Athenian jurors:
                        " You are going to live, I am going to die, what is  better God only knows." 

Lecture 6
Intro-PH-6.mp3 (00:40:34)

Plato: Teaching on the soul

 Content:  1. The Platonic tradition: The preexistence of soul before birth.          

                 2. The Platonic dialogues
                 3.  The difference between sens knowledge and  intellectual knowledge.
                 4.  The opposition of Aristotle.
                 5.  Aristotle's unified vision of the cosmos.
                  6.  Aristotle's influence on  the philosophy of Thomas  Aquinas.

Lecture 7
Intro-PH-7.mp3 (1:22:00)

I.  The Pre- Socratic thinkers revisited. 

      Socrates. Plato. Aristotle  

  Content:        1.  Two aspects of Pre-Socratic metaphysics
                         2.  Heraclitus 
                         3.  Parmenides 
                         4.   Anaxagoras
                         3.  Socrates revisited: 
                              Passivity and activity of the  mind.Morality
                         4.  Plato
                          5 . The Allegory of the Cave (Plato, Republic (  Chapter 7 )              
                          6.  Summary content of Socrates and Plato
                          7. The Death of Socrates - Apology by Plato 

                           8. The nature of science and philosophical    reflection , the accomplishment of science in                                                              Modern times.  
                           9. Aristotle : The phenomena of change
                                   (the existence of Prime Mover- Nous. Thought  thinking itself)
                            10.  The four causes. Purposiveness of the universe. The realistic concept of knowledge.
                            11.  The possibility of  transcendence
                            12. The concept of the Eternal and  the temporal.
                            13. The notion of nothingness
                            14. The Vision of reality

Lecture 8
Intro-PH-8.mp3 (01:07:00)

Aristotle  continued

Content: 1.    The moral philosophy of Socrates and Plato

               A.     1.   The opposition of Aristotle and his vision of reality.
                        2.    The idea of  being
                        3.     The metaphysical components of being: the four  causes 
                        4     .Analysis of change and the idea of  potency and act.
                         5.     The principles of realistic epistemology and   philosophy.
                         6.      Analysis of the notion of God

               B.   1. Christian adaptation of Aristotelian philosophy and the system of Thomas Aquinas
                       2. Thomas  Aquinas
                        3. God as Creator
                       4. Creatureliness of finite beings
                        5. The event of  God-Man-Christ

Lecture 9

          Arguments for  the existence of God

Content:           1. The objections to the  existence of God
                          2. Search for the meaning human existence
                          3. Acceptance of validity of knowledge and the natural  dynamism of the human mind.
                          4. Intelligibility of all reality to the human mind within  limits
                          5. Metaphysical composition of being - essence and   existence
                           6. Being is analogical
                          7. The concept and reality of causality
                           8. the basic principles of the operation of mind.
                           9. The arguments for God's existence in  Thomas Acquinas
                                (a) The Prime Mover 
                                (b)  The First Cause 
                                (c)  Contingency and necessity 
                                (d)   The Supreme degree of Perfection

Lecture 10

       Little Logic

Content:     1. What is logic (thinking of arguments and arriving at sound  inferences from given premises)
                   2. Why logic
                   3. What is an argument
                   4. Two modes of drawing conclusions
                   5. Deduction and it's rules
                   6. Induction
                   7. Some Fallacies

Contact us if you have any questions. 

No comments:

Post a Comment