Tuesday, September 30, 2014
www.dpl21.com (Home) Audio Recordings Content : Philosophical Thoughts and Reflections for Everyone by Leszek Figurski
Audio Lectures in Philosophy I
Intro PH-1.mp3( 00:24:59)
What is Philosophy?
Content: 1. Why Philosophy?
2. The purpose of existence
3. What or who am I?
4. What can I know ?
5. What should I believe?
6. What should I do with my life?
Intro-PH-2-mp.3 ( 00:11:48)
What is , if any the meaning of human life?
Content: 1. The inevitability of death
2. Is there any sense to believe in God?
3. Is there any afterlife?
4. Freedom, conscience, and morality.
5. The central question of life and it's meaning.
6.Why examine life?
7. God or no God?
8. Definition of Man.
The personal obligation and duty to start thinking philosophically
Content: 1. Various areas of philosophy
2.Metaphysics: deals with the theory of reality and the ultimate nature pf things (ontology: the theory of different kinds of beings)
3. Ethics (moral philosophy) right or wrong in human action
4.Epistemology (knowledge + logos, theory)
5. The scope of human knowledge
6.Logic as the art of correct thinking.
7. Philosophy of religion: The nature of the Divine and It's existence.
8. Political philosophy
9.How to formulate the proper questions
10. Obstacles to honest philosophical reflection.
The origin of Western Philosophy
Content: 1. Pre-Socratic Thinkers
2. First Metaphysicians: (How to discover the underlying reality as distinguished from phenomena)
From Thales to Plato:
Thales of Miletus ( VI Cent.B.C.)
Anaximander , Anaximenes, Heraclitus of Efesus (536-470 B.C.),
Denmocritus of Abdera,(460-360 B.C.),
Leucyppus, Parmenides of Elea, Anaxagoras (430 B.C.)
3. The greatest Ancient philosophers
Socrates, Plato (The Allegory of the Cave)
Aristotle of Stagira (384-322 B.C.): The concept of the four causes and God.
Socrates: Teaching the moral value of life.
Content: 1. Life and death
2. Philosophy: How to live morally good life.
3. What is most important in human life?
4. Basic interest: wisdom in contradistinction from common sense.
"An unexamined life is not worth living"
5. The final words of Socrates to the Athenian jurors:
" You are going to live, I am going to die, what is better God only knows."
Plato: Teaching on the soul
Content: 1. The Platonic tradition: The preexistence of soul before birth.
2. The Platonic dialogues
3. The difference between sens knowledge and intellectual knowledge.
4. The opposition of Aristotle.
5. Aristotle's unified vision of the cosmos.
6. Aristotle's influence on the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas.
I. The Pre- Socratic thinkers revisited.
Socrates. Plato. Aristotle
Content: 1. Two aspects of Pre-Socratic metaphysics
3. Socrates revisited:
Passivity and activity of the mind.Morality
5 . The Allegory of the Cave (Plato, Republic ( Chapter 7 )
6. Summary content of Socrates and Plato
7. The Death of Socrates - Apology by Plato
8. The nature of science and philosophical reflection , the accomplishment of science in Modern times.
9. Aristotle : The phenomena of change
(the existence of Prime Mover- Nous. Thought thinking itself)
10. The four causes. Purposiveness of the universe. The realistic concept of knowledge.
11. The possibility of transcendence
12. The concept of the Eternal and the temporal.
13. The notion of nothingness
14. The Vision of reality
Content: 1. The moral philosophy of Socrates and Plato
A. 1. The opposition of Aristotle and his vision of reality.
2. The idea of being
3. The metaphysical components of being: the four causes
4 .Analysis of change and the idea of potency and act.
5. The principles of realistic epistemology and philosophy.
6. Analysis of the notion of God
B. 1. Christian adaptation of Aristotelian philosophy and the system of Thomas Aquinas
2. Thomas Aquinas
3. God as Creator
4. Creatureliness of finite beings
5. The event of God-Man-Christ
Arguments for the existence of God
Content: 1. The objections to the existence of God
2. Search for the meaning human existence
3. Acceptance of validity of knowledge and the natural dynamism of the human mind.
4. Intelligibility of all reality to the human mind within limits
5. Metaphysical composition of being - essence and existence
6. Being is analogical
7. The concept and reality of causality
8. the basic principles of the operation of mind.
9. The arguments for God's existence in Thomas Acquinas
(a) The Prime Mover
(b) The First Cause
(c) Contingency and necessity
(d) The Supreme degree of Perfection
Content: 1. What is logic (thinking of arguments and arriving at sound inferences from given premises)
2. Why logic
3. What is an argument
4. Two modes of drawing conclusions
5. Deduction and it's rules
7. Some Fallacies
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