Atheism is assumption that only what is somehow measurable and perceivable by senses or expressed in a mathematical equation really exists. There is nothing of any different nature. The universe contains only material changes in movement and development . All reality therefore must be explained by some sort of material process even if it is very small and belongs to the level of the subatomic particles of matter . Atheism does not acknowledge any mental or spiritual reality. This attitude leads directly to the reduction of all reality to the level of matter. This is an assumption something dogmatically accepted without any attempt to prove the assumption . Atheism does not explain the human personality: the human self, self-awareness , the human mind and the whole phenomenon of man as a conscious, free , evaluating , and searching for truth human being.
The central question here of course is,who or what is man ? Are human beings things or persons. This is a very crucial difference and any valid answer to this question makes enormous difference in the whole existential situation of the human being facing the universe and it’s mysteries.
In the modern technological society of Europe or North America human life is pervaded completely by the products of technological gadgets . In giant centers of production, in giant cities and giant country , man are administered and manipulated as if they were things and the administrators themselves are transformed into things governed by the laws of things. Man is manipulated to the degree that he/she is schooled what to do every day , what to desire, and what to think. Individual man has no personal independent vision of his/her own. Conformity similar to the behavior of an inanimate thing is a condition of survival itself . Man remains a manipulated thing imprisoned in space-time thrown into an existence for a short time , living his intrinsic drive towards empty survival and carried by time towards final extinction, because death is an inevitable end of this absurd thing defined by Heidegger as “ being unto death.” Such an existence on the level of thing-hood must in moments of serious reflection appear as tragic absurdity. The language of absurdity is used by known existential thinkers like Sartre, Camus , Nietzsche and many of the same bend of mind. Atheism of course is an assumption as mentioned above and therefore not true.
Because atheism has no valid claim that it’s central assumption , that is the non-existence of God must be true. The only claim atheists have and repeat often is that God’s existence cannot be proven beyond any doubt. This is so according to atheists because it is assumed again without any valid reason that only the scientific method is the valid way of knowing . Here lies the contradiction of atheism : It claims without proving something that is by itself beyond the scientific method. When it comes to personal reasons why some individuals become atheists and sometimes very belligerent atheists like Richard Dawkins and his circle, their reasons” are too many to enumerate here.
Atheism undermines the moral values of man . Human beings unlike other animals have the awareness of good and evil in the area of human choices and actions. The sensitivity to those values is conscience. Of course conscience can exist only in beings endowed with mind , freedom of choice and ability to evaluate what is for development of life in all it’s aspects and what is destructive of life. Man is in this area a kind of contradiction in himself . On one hand he/she is an animal immersed in his/her instinctual and complicated animality with his/her instincts for feeding, surviving and procreation. The animal is essentially a selfish beast and when it comes to his essential needs he will attack , kill and destroy in order to satisfy them. This animalistic heritage is fully present in man. It is obvious to any observer of human behavior that selfishness , self-adoration and constant attempts to subjugate and dominate others under any pretext is the content of history of man on this globe. All exploitation, enslavement , racism or even mass extermination of thousands of people in the name of some fictitious idol repeats itself over and over with deadly regularity. The picture of our society deserves the name : “A culture of death .” The basis of moral values and their supreme importance comes from the religious conviction that there has been a revelation of God’s will and His Holly and fundamental directions given to humans how they should live morally in order to stay on the road to freely given eternal life with God.
An atheist is radically deprived of hope for any kind of survival after physical death . If man is nothing more but a bunch of perceptions, and an accidental byproduct of the forces of matter then atheism abolishes human beings. There are no more persons , thinking and choosing subjects, responsible moral agents and searchers for truth. To some materialistically minded biologists like Richard Dawkins and others of the new atheism group, man is a small degree higher ape. The difference is purely accidental and therefore it does not matter.
The prophets of atheism like Nietzsche, Sartre, Camus , all assume that God is dead and as Nietzsche mentioned we smell the putrefaction of God. This is a more and more pervasive smell in most of the Western nations including the United States. The degree of the change can be noticed also in the very language of every day life. Such words which were for centuries the accepted language of philosophers are no more used in everyday experience . For example words like perfection , forgiveness, soul, substance, love, innocence sin, wisdom , authority, novelty, imagination, dignity , friendship , power , spirit , judgment, charity, adultery, obedience, immortality all belong to a language which is dead in our post modernistic existence . The language is a mirror of how people think, what is important for them, and what is accepted in the society. So the language is denuded of all those values which represent the mental , spiritual , moral religious and ultimately rooted in the God orientation, of the whole human existence. But if God is dead then death is also all that in any way pointed to Him. The direct result of this situation is complete relativity of all values and the reduction of human persons to the level of a thing. In this life transformed by technology and all kinds of gadgetry man himself/herself becomes an automatic robot. He/she is told by the media what to think, what is true and what is not true . He/she is used by a great center of production as a tool for bringing through his/her work more profit for the large companies. He/she does not dare to criticize the policies of the institution which employs him/her because the slightest criticism will cost his/her job and perhaps even his/her freedom. The result of such situation is an intimidated , unthinking and robot-like society.
The search for meaning of life is of course not even mentioned in such technological way of living. That is why we had the development of the theater of the absurd pointing out on the stage the all-pervasive presence of absurdity. For example Thomas Becket in his play “Waiting for Godot” depicts two people waiting for someone who never appears. Nevertheless they keep waiting and meantime do literally nothing because they don’t see any reason why do this or that. They are completely passive.
Albert Camus in his play “The Myth of Sisyphus” shows the repetitious senseless everyday effort leading completely nowhere and therefore absurd. Sisyphus is condemned by the gods for some transgression to push a heavy boulder to the top of a mountain . When the boulder is already up there it tumbles down and Sisyphus has to push it again to the top. And this effort repeated again and again is the picture of the absurdity of everyday life of the average person . Get up in the morning, run to work , eight or more hours of work, back home , dinner, bed and this tomorrow and tomorrow without end until one gets old, weak, sick and dies.
In Ionesco’s play “The Chairs,” an old married couple is waiting for a crowd of invited people because the old man at the end of his life, will deliver his wisdom of his life to the public. Many chairs are ready for the guests , the old couple waits. The chairs remain empty, no one of the invited people appears. They have no time for such unusual and unknown word like wisdom . It is a dead word and it does not belong to the language of the modern people.
Atheism is unproved assumption based on the claim that the existence of God cannot be proved. Why? It is not because there are no valid and cogent arguments for God’s existence but because God does not belong to the world of finite material entities which can be somehow measured, manipulated and expressed in mathematical formula. God of course is a Spirit , Infinite and the Cause of all finite reality. His existence provides intelligibility to the universe, and it’s very existence including man. In any valid religion like Islam, Judaism or Christianity God reveals His absolute will and His plan for humans, but man remains free to relate to God positively or in a negative way and deny the authority of God’s word. Belief in God or atheism is therefore a choice . The crucial question however is that a choice may be irrational arbitrary and deadly to all values and sense of living because it does not have the courage to think toward the absolute Truth.
Flew, Anthony. There is A God, How the World’s most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind,
Harper One, New York: 2007
Polkinghorne, John. Science and Creation, The Search for Understanding,
New Science Library, Shambhala, Boston: (1989)
Strobel, Lee. The Case for A Creator, A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God.,Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan ( 1952)
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